The conservation process is full of compromises and compromises, in order to find a balance between fully developed and completely unexploited. Strategies to reduce the impact of development on the ecological environment, including avoiding sensitive areas and sensitive time for animal reproduction or migration, reducing the engineering volume,
reducing the impact on materials or construction popular database methods, or rebuilding similar habitats elsewhere to compensate for the ecological environment loss caused by development . By avoiding, shrinking, mitigating or compensating strategies, achieve a mutually acceptable compromise between conservation and development. Take Taiwan's high-speed rail construction as an example. Its route passes through the water pheasant habitat in Guantian, Tainan.
At first, it faced a conflict between water pheasant conservation and high-speed rail construction. Due to the high speed of high-speed trains, it is difficult to avoid the habitat of water pheasants in linear planning. Therefore, ecological compensation is adopted to rebuild the habitats of water pheasants. The wetland of the Pheasant Ecological Education Park in Guantian today is the ecological compensation habitat for this case.